Gardening Basics and Know-How

Gardening Basics and Know-How

Tips from the Experts for Gardening Hobbyists

Are you a first-timer to gardening? Or are you a casual gardener who wants to keep a small with gorgeous blooms or healthy greens? Either way, you’ve likely encountered a pest problem or soil issue you’ve never seen before. You may be feeling a bit lost on how to resolve it.

But don’t stress! Every gardener experiences this. Even experts and specialists on plant care have their own concerns.

To help you along, we’ve put this practical guide together! You’ll also find answers to the most common questions on gardening. You’ll also find top tips every gardener needs to know!

Here, we give you a quick list of pro gardening tips and tricks for rookies and hobbyists. You’ll learn about planting your first plant seed. You’ll find out how to give daily care to your plants. You’ll find out how to transfer your seedlings to your plant bed. You’ll also learn how to build your soil and gather your herbs.

Whatever your worries are, we’ve got your back! This helpful guide has all the fundamental know-hows for any budding gardener.

Interested in a formal course? Want to get certified as a gardening expert? Take a look at associations offering classes in floristry, like:

  • American Institute of Floral Designers (
  • National Gardening Organization (
  • American Floral Endowment (
  • American Horticultural Society (


Prepping Your Garden Bed

Before doing anything else, all gardeners need to prep their garden beds! Other gardening methods like building soil can get difficult without a good foundation. But no worries, we’re here to help!

Natural light, healthy soil, and water are the basic needs of any garden bed. But if you want to go all out, there are a number of steps you need to follow.

Clear away weeds, grass, and other vegetation from your desired area.

Wet the soil until it is damp. Be sure it’s not soaking wet.

Work the soil to around 12 inches deep.

Place compost into your bed.

Cover the bed with mulch.

Top off with more compost to preserve moisture.

Preparing your garden bed differs with the type of plants you wish to plant. But these are the fundamentals you can follow to ensure your bed is healthy! From here, you can get your lawn ready! You’ll soon enjoy a garden of the best flowers and plant edibles!


Seed and Seed-Starting

So you’ve prepped your lawn or yard into a nurturing garden bed. Now you’re all set to start planting seeds and growing them to fully flourish! With the proper care, you can expect radiant blooms and harvests of herbs and vegetables.

To accomplish this, here are a couple of pointers from professional gardeners on seed starting! You’ll see the best ways to bury a seed into the soil and start them up on their growth progress.

Some gardeners claim it’s okay to let your seed grow wild in any way they want. But experts don’t agree.

Years of experience with taking care of our own gardens tell us otherwise. We say it’s best for beginners to start their gardens in a confined space. It’s better for both you and your plants that you keep a close eye on them at all times. By doing this, you can adapt to and care for their needs in a more efficient way.

That said, here are a few basic tips for rookie gardeners sowing their first set of seeds into the soil!

  • Disperse your seeds in the bed and avoid overcrowding at all costs.
  • Store your supply of seeds in a dry and cool place for longer shelf life.
  • Pat down the soil to make direct contact with the seeds.
  • Provide proper airflow and water drainage to stop pests and plant disease.
  • Water them daily, and feed them well with a healthy mixture of fertilizer and plant food.
  • Take time to let your plants get used to direct light to avoid unwanted wilting.



Both flower beds and vegetable gardens benefit a great deal from mulch. It gives your garden very high levels of moisture retention and soil temperature regulation. It also helps repel weeds better. You could never get these at top quality with any artificial product or formula.

Every gardener needs to know when to use mulch and the amount of it to use. This is because mulch belongs to the most important things a garden needs to flourish!

Whether you’re using grass clippings, wood chips, pine needles, stone and rocks, or dyed mulch, here are the experts’ answers to some FAQs on mulch.


Should I avoid any type of mulch?

Avoid grass trimmings from any lawn that’s been treated with herbicide in the past three to four weeks. If you have pets, particularly dogs, don’t use cocoa hull.


Aged mulch vs. New mulch?

In general, older mulch is better. It won’t drain the soil of its much-needed nitrogen and other nutrients. This is because they’ve already begun decomposing.


When should I apply mulch?

Gardening specialists say it’s best to put the mulch in your garden bed in the early summer. Otherwise, you’ll risk injuring the roots of any plants you place in after.


How deep should the mulch go?

The standard rule on how deep mulch should go is a couple of inches from above ground. Experts say this is best for your plants. Top tip: Keep the mulch about at least a feet from your house’s foundation to protect against bug infestations.



The practice of composting has been around about as long as gardening has. It’s only fair to assume everyone has at least a general idea of composting or building good compost.

No matter what you know about it, here are a few tips to catch you up on the basics of composting!

We recommend that you set aside a dedicated space for your composting. With this, you can put compost in a bin to stock for longer use.

It’s also crucial to maximize your compost for your garden bed. Start by moistening each layer as you put them in your compost bin and speed up the process.

Now you want your compost to be high quality. Compost is most ideal when it has a balanced combination of brown (dry) and green (wet) components. If not, it can either heat up or smell bad.

So if one of these things takes place, inspect the balance of green and brown in your compost. If it isn’t in proportion, add a little more of whichever compost is less than the other. See to it that the perimeter of your workspace doesn’t clog up water and lets it empty out with ease.

Photo by CDC