The Basics of Landscaping

The Basics of Landscaping

Tips & Tricks and Everything You Need to Know

So you’ve decided on starting your own garden. But do you know how to style it? Do you know what plants and materials can bring life to your lawn and yard?

If you answered “no” to these questions, don’t panic! Our team of specialists is here to help you make your dream garden come true.

In this blog post, we talk about the general principles of landscaping. We set out a list of things to consider when drawing up your landscape design. We go over the pros and cons of popular landscaping styles. We share criteria you need to know when selecting your theme and the best flowers for your style. Finally, we help you carry out your plans and layout. You’ll find all the fundamentals of landscaping and garden styling right here!

Get the very best tips from Durham’s premier florists and gardeners on the best landscape design for your lifestyle! Learn how it can complement your home, embody who you are as a person, and match your daily activities and social hostings all at once.

Interested in a formal course? Want to get certified as a gardening expert? We encourage you to check out associations offering classes in floristry, like:

American Institute of Floral Designers (
National Gardening Organization (
American Floral Endowment (
American Horticultural Society (

First Things You Should Consider

Always bear in mind that the state of your garden come first before the style. Otherwise, it will never turn up right! This rule goes for every whatever style you go with for your garden.

Here is a lineup of the first things you should look into when you choose and plan out a design for your landscape!

Architecture of the House

Picking out the design of the landscape needs to go well with your own home design. This will give your home a good sense of balance and cohesion with your garden. It will also help tie your flowers and plants together with the style and structure of your chosen landscape design.

Sunlight and where it falls longest
Some plants need plenty of sunlight. Some need a whole lot of shade. So it’s crucial to evaluate the direction of sunlight and where it falls the longest. It will help you plot out your plants with care and accuracy.

Position of potential or existing trees
Like the above factor, the position of existing trees or trees you wish to grow matters. Take note of this to be sure sufficient sunlight and shade reach your precious flowers and greens.

Depth and texture of soil

Look into which areas of your lot have shallow and rocky soil. Check which sections have more depth and texture. This will help provide room for your plants’ roots and growth.

Air quality, wind direction and strength

If you live in or near the city, you have to keep in mind the quality of the air in your yard. This is to ensure your plants don’t get stifled from too much smoke and fog from cars. Restaurant exhausts and the cramped city space can also be culprits of this. So it’s good to keep this in mind.

The strength and direction of the wind change at different times of the day and all throughout the year. These can affect plant growth and texture. So make note of this to help keep your plants nurtured and healthy.

Family pet and neighbor’s pets
Do you have dogs, cats, or any other critters that often go out to your yard? If so, make sure to get pet-friendly flowers, shrubs and trees. You might also need to put up a low-rise fence or something similar. This will keep them from harming seedlings or, god forbid, doing their business in the garden bed.

Basic Steps to Designing Your Landscape

Whatever you decide on for your landscape design, there are simple steps you need to follow. Here are a few tips for styling your yard!

Sketch the Plan Out

If you can, it’s much better to get the exact dimensions of your yard from your house’s blueprint. This way, you get an overview of your design. It will even help you explore different styles while you’re still in the preparation phase.

Pick out Flowers as Focal Points
Follow the classic rules of crafting bouquets! Choose the star (or stars) of your garden and base your accents and foliage off of the main flower.

Choosing Your Garden Style

It’s essential to note here what you plan to do in your garden, as it affects how you do the landscaping in your yard. Is it for recreation? For social events and playtime? For rest and relaxation? Strike a balance among lawn and planting areas. By doing this, you have ample room to move while appreciating the beauty of nature in your garden.

Borders and Edging

It’s also important to know the best kind of materials for the borders and edges of your garden. Whether it’s wood, brick, stone, or anything else, always remember your theme and style. Be sure to complement your main flowers and accents with the material you’ll use.

Selecting Your Plants

Now you’re at the stage of choosing your flowers, shrubs, and trees for your garden. In line with that, it’s vital to know the full size of a plant before putting them in the soil. This is to ensure they don’t get overcrowded once they reach maturity.

Putting it All Together

You’ve taken your pick of landscape style, borders and edging, focal flowers, accents, foliage, and plants. Now you need to bring them all together!
A basic understanding of the color wheel comes in handy here. Also, consider the textures, shapes, and sizes of various types of flowers and shrubs. Make sure to check how well they match each other.

Pros & Cons of Different Landscape Designs

Which landscape best complements your home design and architectural structure? Which landscape design best expresses your lifestyle and day-to-day life? Whatever your answer is, you can find ideas here! Below is a short list of common landscape styles you can choose from.

Want to create a personalized design and get creative? Go ahead! You can pick some aspects from these styles and integrate them into your own. Let your inspiration flow and make your dream garden come true!
English Garden.

Features: Lush shrubs and perennials to suit your home’s architectural style. Sometimes includes birdbaths and arbor.

Oriental/ Japanese Zen

Features: Water, rocks, and evergreens similar to how Asian style gardens look. Comes with a selection of plants in complementing shades and hues of green.


Features: Takes after its name. Mirrors the natural way that flora and fauna flourish as seen in forests and wooded areas. Needs less regular maintenance.


Features: Symmetrical arrangements, straight lines, and clear-cut geometric shapes with manicured, well-trimmed appearance. Demands a lot of maintenance.


Features: Curved edges and asymmetrical arrangements, set in plant beds.


Features: Extravagant ferns and shrubs with brightly-colored blossoms and tall trees. Akin to a tropical rainforest.


Features: Secure plant containers on lines of brick or stone, intermixed with flowering plants and blooms.

Photo by Annie Spratt